Biometric technology refers to the use of technology to identify someone based on a unique aspect of their biological identity. This type of authentication is used in high security scenarios such as bank vaults, critical databases, and even your smartphone! It can also be used as a surveillance measure used to identify people that require such supervision. The most well-known techniques include fingerprints, face recognition, iris, palm, and DNA-based recognition. Improvements in the technology are being made every day as the use of biometrics is increasing. Let’s talk about 3 of the popular options for biometrics.
1. Facial Recognition
A facial recognition system is a technology capable of matching human faces with a digital image or a video against a huge database of faces. Facial recognition is usually used to give users access to something through ID verification due to this technology’s ability to identify and calculate facial features from a given image. This technology has advanced rapidly and makes it easier for remote recognition. Moreover, with facial recognition, there is the ability for corporations to scan for suspicious individuals in their facilities with negative identification features. The technology is developing at a fast rate and improving everyday. However, it does not have the same levels of security as other biometric technologies such as iris scanning recognition.
2. Iris Recognition
Iris recognition is an automated system of biometric recognition that is very secure since it uses a mathematical pattern recognition model on video or images of one or both of the iris’s of an individual. Everyone has a distinct, complex and unique pattern that can be seen from a variable distance with iris recognition. This recognition is an excellent security technique and is becoming more accessible for lower-end security systems. However, users do sometimes have pushback due to users being hesitant to have their eyes scanned. They often feel as though this is a breach of privacy that they are not okay with.
3. Fingerprint Recognition
Fingerprint recognition refers to the method of identifying and/or confirming the identity of an individual based on the comparison of their fingerprint today and an image of their fingerprint that has been stored in a database. This type of identification is the most well known of biometrics and is mostly used for authentication on computerized systems. This has especially become popular in smartphones. The issue with fingerprint recognition is that a fingerprint can be replicated very easily using moderately accessible technology. Even though this is the case, fingerprint technology is something that consumers are already very familiar with and is accepted by a broad range of users.
The fact that biometric recognition technology is able to use biological and behavioral traits of people to identify them is a huge innovative development. This technology is rapidly improving and we have no doubt that many more systems will be taking advantage of biometrics in the future.
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